Self-Management Programs

You are here

Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) - Outcomes

The Diabetes Prevention Center’s Diabetes Prevention Program is a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Diabetes Prevention Program. This lifestyle change program helps people with prediabetes eat healthier, become more physically active, and lose weight with the goal to delay or even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Based on research funded by the National Institutes of Health and the CDC, the Diabetes Prevention Program reduces the risk of new cases of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%, and by 71% in people over the age of 60.

The following outcomes are provided for the DPP Program since the NKFM began offering the program in 2012:

  • More than 1,250 people have participated in the program
  • The participants have lost more than 11,000 pounds
  • The average participant has lost 6.1% of their body weight
  • The average participant has increased their physical activity to 183 minutes per week


Personal Action Toward Health (PATH) - Outcomes

PATH, as it is referred to in Michigan, is known nationwide as the Chronic Disease Self-management Program or CDSMP.  It is a six week 2.5 hour evidence-based workshop that has been studied to help participants better self-manage their chronic condition through a variety of skills and tools.  PATH workshops are designed for individuals focused on better managing their health condition(s) or caregivers of someone with chronic condition(s). 

PATH was developed by Stanford Patient Education Research Center.  Results of research studies conducted on CDSMP or PATH show that program participants have:

  • Reductions in fatigue, shortness of breath, pain, depression, and health distress
  • Fewer visits to the Emergency Department and visits to the physicians
  • Improvements in health status, exercise, symptom management, communication with providers, and self-efficacy
  • These data yield a cost to savings ratio of approximately 1:4.

There are several versions of the PATH program that are available, including:  general PATH, Diabetes PATH, Kidney PATH, Chronic Pain PATH. The following outcomes are for PATH workshops offered by the NKFM between 2008- 2016.

  • Nearly 6,000 people have participated over 500 PATH classes.
  • 71% of those who enroll complete PATH.
  • 95% of participants feel more confident about taking care of their health.
  • 93% would recommend PATH to others.


Enhance Fitness - Outcomes

Enhance Fitness is an evidence-based, physical activity program that has been tested and studied to show its effectiveness for older adults to improve functional fitness and well-being.  Research has shown that participants in EnhanceFitness show:

                                 • 13% improvement in social function
                                 • 52% improvement in mental health
                                 • 35% improvement in physical functioning
                                 • 26% improvement in balance and coordination
                                 • 33% improvement in general health

Over 9,400 people have participated in NKFM Enhance Fitness classes between 2008 and 2019. The following outcomes show that of participants:

  • 58% have maintained or improved in measures of upper body strength and endurance
  • 69% have maintained or improved in measures of lower body strength and endurance
  • 93% report a positive change in physical ability after participating in EF classes, with 38% of that group reporting “great improvement”
  • 61% have maintained or improved in measures of balance